sleep disorder

sleep disorder

Sleep breathing is a very common health problem among the general public and the most commonly heard delay between hospital outpatients or inpatients.

According to survey statistics, nearly 30% of people have had an insomnia invasion, among which the severity reaches 17% of those who need to use drugs; the proportion of elderly insomnia over 65 years is even higher, reaching 5%, Six times as much.

These leaks have never included an excessive number of daytime drowsiness and other problems associated with abnormal behavior during sleep.

In the past, most people believed that the main function of sleep is to eliminate fatigue and let the body rest, but in fact, eliminating fatigue is not the primary purpose of sleep.

  Insomnia is one of the most common symptoms of physiological diseases. The degree of damage and pain experienced by patients is unimaginable for people without sleep traps.

But maybe because of insomnia is too common, it leads to its significance in the pathology and diagnosis of the disease. It is not as important as other symptoms. Some medical staff may leave it aside or not make a separate assessment and evaluation.Disposal.

Insomnia includes problems such as difficulty falling asleep, waking prematurely, or easily interrupting sleep, and it is not easy to continue. Each of them has its own special pathological significance, and some of them occur separately, and some of them are combined: for example, difficulty falling asleep and nightOr the brain activity state before bedtime is directly related; premature awakening may involve special biological rhythm disorders, which are part of depression or aging mechanism; certain physical diseases such as breathing, digestion, bone metabolism,Functional disorders of the muscle and other systems, and even certain medications, may show repeated interruptions in sleep.

Although the significance of these pathologies cannot be generalized, based on the observation of insomnia patterns, we can understand the effects of various physiological diseases on human sleep.

  One of the most important and widespread manifestations of sleep disorders that is often overlooked by patients and medical staff is the assessment of patients’ residual symptoms during the day.

A person with sleep deprivation or insufficiency at night often presents physical symptoms such as fatigue, laziness, weakness, muscle pain during the day, and is also prone to emotional and irritable symptoms, which often leads to occupational, social and life function motivationsreduce.
The above-mentioned leftovers during the day must be carefully distinguished from the original symptoms of physical illness to avoid misjudgment.

  Assessment of daytime sleepiness is another important development in clinical sleep medicine.

In fact, the effects of daytime sleepiness and thirstiness on life function and the threat to life and property are more serious than that of insomnia at night.

Moreover, more sleep during the day than insomnia at night is more often accompanied by a potential special sleep disease or organic etiology, and it is necessary to seek medical treatment as soon as possible to avoid worsening the condition.

Whether it is daytime or nighttime sleep problems, each may have a unique pathological significance, but in clinical evaluation, the relationship between them still needs to be clarified.

  A certain type of apnea during sleep is the most common organic sleep disorder in the clinic. Through laboratory tests, it can help calculate the number of respiratory arrests and respiratory depression in patients per hour as indicators of clinical severity.

In addition, laboratory measurement can also measure the patient’s blood oxygen saturation, the number of arrhythmia per hour, etc., which is of great reference value for specific respiratory or cardiovascular diseases.