Three guides to accidental ambulances for children
Editor’s note: On September 7th, the Ministry of Health first issued the “Technical Guide for Child Drowning Intervention”, “Technical Guide for Children’s Road Traffic Injury Intervention”, and “Technical Guide for Child Fall Intervention”, paying great attention to child injury.
“Any accident can happen for different reasons, and prevention is the key to avoiding tragedy.
“Professor Ding Zongyi, the chairman of the Child Health Professional Committee of the Chinese Medical Doctors Association, told reporters that the publication of this guideline is to remind parents to take precautions seriously and tell them what to do when their children have an accident.
When falling into a coma, you must lie sideways and awake, and continue to observe whether there is pain. Drowsiness is manifested worldwide. Falling is the consequence of child injury, and it is the leading cause of non-fatal injury and disability.
According to WHO statistics in 2004, falls accounted for 4% of the causes of fatal injuries among children aged 0 to 17 worldwide.
2% is the first cause of injury for children aged 0-5 and 13-15 years.
At the highest, falls are also the number one cause of child injury, with infants under the age of one having the highest fall mortality.
Because the weight of the head is relatively long, it is easy to fall from a crib, stroller, etc.
Children 1-3 years old have unstable movement and balance ability, and they can easily fall from stairs, steps, walkers, and furniture.
Children 5-9 years old have just left the adult to take care of going out alone, lacking the experience of safety and danger, unaware that they are in danger, and easily slipping and falling during play.
Safety tips: 1.
There are children under the age of 3 in the family, and care must be taken to eliminate hidden safety hazards within the family.
Install a guardrail with a switch in the home that cannot be opened by children; make sure that the carpet is not pleated, that there are no wires, network cables, etc. on the floor; that the child does not walk on the wet floor; install handrails and slip mats in the bathtub or shower, To prevent children from slipping; porcelain or glassware is placed in a closet with a lock, or a place that is not reachable by children; wrap the sharp corners of furniture to prevent children from being injured.
Children 5-9 years old are curious and adventurous. Parents are advised not to let their children go beyond their sight and they should always remind them to pay attention to safety.
Especially when playing bicycles, skateboards, swings and trampolines.
Rescue Method 1.
If a child has a head injury and is unconscious, call an ambulance immediately.
At the same time, become a child lying on their side with their hands under their heads.
This recovery posture helps reduce tongue slipping to the throat, prevents the tongue from affecting breathing, and is life-threatening.
If you suspect a fracture after a fall, you cannot move at will.
It is worth mentioning that although the child sometimes recovers quickly after a fall, sometimes the reaction to a head injury manifests later.
Therefore, pay close attention to your child’s response.
If he / she says that there is pain in some areas or there is drowsiness, you should seek medical treatment immediately.
Do n’t easily get injured in a car accident. Wear a helmet and install a safety seat to minimize injuries. Road traffic injuries are one of the leading causes of death among children worldwide. More than 260,000 children die each year from road traffic injuries worldwide.
National death cause monitoring data in 2006 showed that the number of road traffic injuries among children in China was 1.
More than 30,000 people, the second leading cause of child injury deaths nationwide.
Safety tips: 1.
When riding a bicycle, electric car, or motorcycle with children, they should wear bright-colored helmets, which can greatly reduce brain injury.
When traveling in a car, safety seats are important.
For children under 10 years of age, the correct installation and use of safety seats can reduce infant mortality by 70% in collisions and reduce mortality by 54% in children aged 1-4.
Children over the age of 10 or over 150 cm in height should use ordinary seat belts, which can separate children from the vehicle’s internal structure during collisions, prevent them from ejecting from the car, and the collision energy is dispersed to the strongest parts of the body.Reduces the chance of serious fatal injury by 40% -65%.
How to Rescue If you find that a child has suffered a traffic injury, restart 120, 119, or 110 immediately.
Do not move the injured person immediately unless it threatens the life of the child.
The first thing you need to do is look at the injury to see if you have unconsciousness, breathing, pulse, bleeding, etc.
In addition, the process of rescuing the injured from the car should be carried out according to the difference of the injuries. For spinal injuries, dragging, pulling, holding and other methods should not be used, and a spinal fixation plate should be used. Drowning quickly performed artificial respiration while dialing emergency phone calls. Pay attention to keep your child warm. The 2005 National Disease Surveillance System death cause monitoring data showed that the drowning mortality rate for children aged 1 to 14 was 10.
28 / 100,000, drowning deaths account for 44% of injury deaths in this age group.
The age group with the highest drowning mortality among children is the 1-4 year old group, accounting for 37% of the total deaths from injuries. These children drown mostly in ponds at home or near home.
Safety tips: 1.
Parents or caregivers of children under the age of 5 should: ① Never leave children alone in bathtubs, bathtubs, or by open water sources; ② Whether children are in or near the water at home, buildings or other places,The distance between parents and children should be within reach, concentrate on care, do not be distracted, do not chat, call, do housework; ③ children must be supervised by adults, children under 5 years of age cannot be given to minors; ④ inParents should prepare and use qualified floating equipment, such as life jackets, for children when boarding, paddling and learning to swim.
Elementary and elementary school children are more independent, curious, adventurous, and drowning often occur during school hours and holidays, and go to rivers, rivers, ponds and other open water bodies to swim or swim with their classmates.
For children of this age, parents, schools, and the community have the responsibility to inform students of the dangers of “outing swimming”, otherwise the following dangerous behaviors will be stopped: swimming in non-distance venues without an adult, and catching fish in the open waters of the wild aloneTalk to your partner by the water or in the swimming pool, and dive or dive in open waters of unknown depth.
Rescue Method 1.
Seeing children drowning, if possible, it is best to use boats, life rafts, surfboards or floats instead.
Rescuers should approach drowning children as quickly as possible, but keep in mind their own safety.
For drowning children, the first and most important treatment is immediate ventilation, and the rapid initiation of artificial respiration can increase the child’s chances of survival.
If the drowning child develops vomit during rescue, the child’s head will be twisted, and the vomit will be removed with fingers or cloth.
We also need to keep warm for the sick children.
Some drowning children can wake up after a simple resuscitation, but they also need to be transferred to a hospital for further evaluation under supervision.
While doing the initial cardiopulmonary resuscitation at the scene, the 120 and 119 emergency phones should be restarted in time, and the brakes should be used for further rescue and transfer.