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友善的木材供应商的整理提示和项目帮助

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1. Start with 您r project idea
它可以是一个完整的计划,也可以只是一个简单的草图

2.制作零件清单
Then determine 董事会录像 of each part

3.加起来
然后估算可用于某些余量的浪费因素

唐’t Like Math? Here’s An Easier Way

得到我们的“Project Planner” worksheet to do the math for 您.
免费下载(.xlsx文件)

In an ideal world, 您 wouldn’t 为项目购买木材– instead 您’d sort and pick from a stockpile of wood 您’ve accumulated in 您r shop or shed, and then maybe buy a little bit to fill in here and 那里. But not everyone is fortunate enough to have the space (or the pleasantly 支撑性更好的一半)需要存放几百英尺 of lumber.

If 您 must buy material according to the needs of 每个项目,都知道这一点:弄清楚 how much 要获得的板级镜头是一项练习 估算. 您必须做一点数学和一点猜测,结果只是一个近似值。“该项目将需要约11板英尺。”

1.以 项目构想,计划或草图

Your plan can be as simple as a napkin 素描或as sophisticated as a SketchUp or magazine plan, or anything in between. It should essentially answer the question: 什么’这个项目的总规模是多少?

You just need to have a concept of the general size. Then 您 can step 您r way into the details. Once 您 know, for example, that 您 want to make an end 表 关于 20″ square (or 什么ever) 您’能够确定其零件的尺寸,从而确定多少木材’s going to require . . . and ultimately how deep into 您r budget 您’ll need to dive.

显示的画廊无效

If 您 start with a sketch or “napkin plan”, it will 可能一开始就很粗糙,尴尬或有点尴尬。那’s okay, it’s just a draft. You’ll revise and refine things as 您 get 您r hands wrapped around the project. A plan from a magazine or book will have a lot of the heavy lifting done for 您.

2.制作零件清单

Now 您’我将不得不开始思考。使用电子表格(download this free template if 您 want), or an old fashioned piece of paper and pencil, start jotting down the individual parts to 您r project. Let’s以基本茶几为例:顶部,腿部和围裙。减少每个部分的大小,如下所示:

部分

厚度
最后
厚度
宽度
长度
数量

Board 画面
最佳 4/4 3/4″ 20″ 20″ 1  2.78
腿部 6/4 1-1 / 4″ 1-1 / 4″ 18″ 4  .78
围裙 4/4 3/4″ 2-1 / 2″ 17-1 / 2″ 4  1.25

小费: 要计算板脚:粗标准厚度X实际宽度X实际长度除以144。  Use the thickness of the material 您 intend to start with, not end with. For example, the 3/4″ top will start from 4/4 lumber. The legs will start from 6/4 lumber. This is because 您 must start with 4/4 lumber in order to achieve a final 3/4″ thickness; likewise, 您 must start with 6/4木材达到最终1-1 / 4″ thickness. 有关板脚的更多信息,请参见此页面。

3. 加起来,然后应用浪费因子

Now 您’ll determine 多少 4/4 to buy, 多少 6/4 to buy (etc.) So first add up 董事会录像 of the parts that come from the same thickness 木材。 In the example here, 您 should come up with:

4.03板英尺的4/4

.78板英尺的6/4

那’零件等于的确切数量。

现在添加 some extra – consider multiplying 通过 at least 1.5 or 2. 后 all, to end up with those parts, 您 have to start with boards that are larger. Round off to the nearest whole number, too. You’ve arrived at 关于 董事会录像 you’重新购买或目标金额,因此’在这一点上,用小数或小数表示毫无意义。它’s not the precise amount, as that is determined once 您r boards are selected and measured. Since boards in the lumber pile vary in width and length, 您 may be aiming to pick up 8 board feet and 什么 您 end up selecting could be something more like 7.89 or 8.62 or 10.18. It just depends on 什么 the lumber pile provides and which pieces appeal to 您. But at least 您 have a really good idea of 什么 您r project needs.

木材
厚度

Board 画面
近似
画面 to Buy
4/4  4.03 8
6/4  .78 3

Now that 您’ve approximated 您r the footage 您 need you can get a pretty good idea of 什么 the project will cost 您. And if 您’ve made an adequate 估算, 您’ll have plenty of material to work with to create a project 您’我会为之骄傲。你知道吗’比为项目购买过多的木材更糟糕? 没有足够的时间来完成它。

如果因子2看起来很多, there’s more to think 关于 than just the parts of 您r project. To build a really great project, 您 need enough material to:

  1. 混合/匹配纹理图案或颜色
  2. Cut around parts of boards 您 don’t like
  3. Test 您r stains or 精加工 process
  4. And, believe it or not, 您’我可能会犯一次或两次错误,并且需要减少多余的部分。

在现实生活中,让’s say 您 want to cut a board down to 4″ x 48″从一块6″ x 48″. 那’并不是很不常见,也不是不合理的。那个’s 33% waste –换句话说,就是1.5的浪费因子,没有缺陷可以解决。

后 you build a few projects, 您’我会发现不仅计划足够的木材,而且计划更多的木材是多么现实。

运营副总裁– Woodworkers Source
We’重新成为家族木材&木工用品零售商,在亚利桑那州设有3家宜人的商店,以及35名友好的员工。
马克(Mark)监督公司,并创建有关硬木木材的木材饰面和木工技巧的教程。

Woodworkers Source是MacBeath Hardwood Co.的子公司。


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